中学生怎么练英语口语 中学生英语口语存在问题

  • 作者:菜菜子
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英语的学习几乎贯彻了我们小学初中高中大学甚至研究生的学习生涯,从中也能看出我们对于英语学习的重视程度。其实现在大多数人都有着一定的英语基础,但我们中国的学生在英语口语方面就相对弱势一些,因此提高英语口语是一件更为紧迫的事情了。中学是我们学习英语的一个重要转折点,因此英语的听说读写我们都要好好的学习,那今天小编就先为大家介绍关于中学生怎么练习英语口语的内容,希望能够帮助到大家哦。

一、中学生怎么练英语口语

1.一定的词汇量是英语口语的基础。

我们与人交流的前提是要听懂别人在讲什么,因此我们在英语口语的练习中首先要注意词汇量的积累。其方式多样,如阅读、做题、听录音、看录像或原文电影等,来扩大词汇量、掌握英语的习惯表达方式,扩大知识面和训练英语逻辑思维能力。这些训练,可使我们熟练掌握常用的词组、短语等。只有熟练,会话才能流利,与人交流才能不假思索地脱口而出。

2. 通过中西文化及语言的差异比较,设计日常口语会话情景,训练日常口语会话。

要熟练掌握日常口语会话,就必须掌握范围广阔的、基本得当的日常用语,如怎样表示想与陌生人交谈;怎样表示喜爱与厌恶,赞同与异议;怎样问路与指路等。自己设计情景,组织会话,并进行反复实践。在实践中仔细对比英语语言习惯、规律,文化背景等与汉语不同的地方,只有掌握了英语的语言文化才能更好地理解和运用英语。

3. 通过对日常生活题材的讨论,逐步提高语言的组织能力。

对日常生活题材的讨论是我们训练口语能力的一个重要阶段。在这个阶段中,我们通过参加多种形式的讨论活动与交流扩大知识面,促进思维能力及驾驭语言的能力。

4. 创造一个适当的语言环境。

《语言习得》认为:只有处于适当的语言环境中,语言的学习才能达到最好的效果。在平时的学习生活中,我们应寻找一切机会,有意识地锻炼自己听和说方面的能力,坚持和有决心学英语的同伴每天用英语对话二三十分钟,让对方指出自己常犯的错误。其次应多听英语磁带,英语广播,多参加英语沙龙和组织英语讨论,多接触英语读物,造成潜意识的“听”和“说”训练,有助于矫正口音上的偏误。除以上所提方法之外,还可参加英语角、英语俱乐部、英语演讲比赛、英语知识竞赛等各种活动。这些活动能在不自觉中增强我们对英语的学习兴趣,营造培养口语技能的良好环境,在不知不觉中提高我们的英语口语水平。

5. 听力的培养不可忽视。

听与说是一种相辅相成的关系,听不明白就会给交流带来很大的麻烦。听力困难主要有三个方面的原因:1、语言本身的困难。如:语法、句型、发音的基础不够扎实。2、文化内容上的困难。3、心理障碍。听英语的潜在困难属于心理障碍,如总感到被动,无把握,过分紧张等。

6. 克服心理障碍。

自信是建立在大量练习上的,不经过口语练习是无法真正掌握英语这门语言的。开口把英语讲出来非常重要,这是每一个英语学习者的必经历程。所以要讲好口语就必须先把面子放在一边。

7. 业精于勤而荒于嬉。

我们对英语口语的练习要持之以恒,将所学用于生活中,与实际生活有机的结合,常学常用。有条件的话应保证每天有半个小时以上的自习(跟读或复述)或交流练习时间。我们可通过进行大量模仿、背诵、复述等训练正确的语音、语调,提高流利程度,培养英语语感。

二、中学生英语口语存在问题

在中学英语教学中, 教师经常会说 某某学生作业和考试情况都不错, 可就是上课不举手, 不发言! ; 也常看到这样的现象, 有的学生笔试成绩好, 口语训练却很糟; 在交际活动中, 有的学生心里想得很好, 可一到口头表达, 就表达不完整; 还有的学生在自由会话中语言流畅、思维敏捷, 可一到正式发言就吞吞吐吐, 结结巴巴等等。诸如此类的现象分析起来, 大都是由于学生对口语不感兴趣、平时缺少训练等原因造成的。那么怎样才能解决学生口语表达中存在的问题呢?

1. 培养口语表达的兴趣

我国古代教育家孔子日: 知之者不如好之者, 好之者不如乐之者。! 这说明了兴趣的重要性, 教师只有激发学生对口语表达的欲望, 才能使教师的教学与训练有声有色。教师可在教学中采取创设情景、短剧表演、小组对话、讲故事、限时演讲、学唱英文歌曲等寓教于乐的方式, 不断地给学生表达的机会, 不断地给学生新的刺激, 以培养他们对口语表达的浓厚兴趣。

2. 发挥教师的感召力

作为一名英语教师, 首先要练就过硬的口语表达能力。教师如果在课堂上能说一口标准而流利的英语, 并且随时都可以用英语组织教学, 这势必就会对学生产生强大的感染, 学生也会在钦佩老师的同时产生用英语表达的欲望。在老师的耳濡目染之下, 久而久之, 学生的口语能力也会在无形中有所提高。

3. 学生口语表达纠错的策略

现行英语教材注重学生英语交际运用的能力。因此, 学生在课堂上的听说活动大大加强。在活动中, 教师往往是很注重学生所用的每一个词句, 一旦发现学生在语言、语调、语法上有什么错误, 就马上打断纠正, 这种见错就纠的方式, 不仅会打断学生的思路, 影响学生的完整表达, 而且长此以往, 学生会因为担心出错或丢面子, 渐渐就产生失去口语表达的兴趣和自信心。因此, 教师在对待学生交际语言错误时, 应注意策略, 以不使学生产生畏难情绪, 不挫伤其积极性为原则, 尽量忽略学生的错误, 采取鼓励, 肯定的态度纠正其错误, 教师可每次纠正一个主要错误, 不要把所有错误都指出。这样学生会不断体验到成功的喜悦和快乐, 增强口语表达的自信和愿望。

4. 强化有意注意, 培养学生独立完整表达的习惯

教学实践表明, 如果学生在表达中 卡壳! 时老师马上去救助, 这样会使学生产生依赖思想, 从而导致学生注意力不集中,难以独立完成整地表达。教师要培养学生自我完整表达, 首先应了解学生, 熟悉学生的知识水评, 轻易不要开口相救。可以通过多检查、多提问, 随时引导他们集中注意力, 渐渐养成独立完整的表达习惯。

5. 关注全体学生, 因材施教

一个优秀的教师, 在平时的教育教学工作中, 要面向全体学生, 而不是只注重成绩好的学生, 要充分考虑学生的个性差异和了解学生的学情, 做到教学 上不封顶, 下要保底! 的原则,还要根据学生不同的个性特点, 采取不同的教学方法, 做到有的放矢, 分别培养提高学生口语表达的能力。如性格外向、活泼大胆、反应迅速的学生, 要对其采取吹毛求疵的做法, 要在保护其积极性的同时, 对他们从严要求, 让他们说得既对、又准、又好; 对于性格内向、动作迟缓、反应速度慢的学生应采取激励法, 着重培养他们敢说和愿意说的良好习惯, 鼓励他们敢于发言提问; 对于后进生, 要从简单单词的读和语句的重复开始, 鼓励他们勇于开口, 使全体学生都有不同层次的提高。

三、中学常见常见英语口语话题

Habits

I  think  I'm  a  healthy  boy,because  I  have  some  good  habits.At  first,I  exercise  every  day  after  school.Then,I  try  to  eat  a  lot  of  vegetables.I  eat  fruit  and  drink  milk  every  day.Finally,I  sieep  9  hours  every  night.So  you  see,I am in  good  health.And  my  healthy  lifestyle  helps  get  good  grades.

Food  

Food is different in many countries.Food is also a kind of interesting culture.

For example,you can taste the Chinese dumplings,American fast food and even the delicious cheese from France.Also,it's important to remember the rules while eating.In European countries, It is never allowed to speak loudly, but it's quite common in china. If there is a restaurant that isn’t any noise, people will think it strange. Also, in Brazil, you should wipe your mouth with the napkin after every time you eat. Another thing is that if you go to a restaurant in America, it's necessary to give tips. So, if you go to a restaurant in foreign countries, you'd better to learn the rules about food so that you can easily order food.

weekend activities

We work on weekdays, so we don't have time for hobbies.But  at weekends, we have much spare time that we can do what we like. Weekend activities are very colorful. We can play,learn, just as we like. They are  good choices to play football, play computer and learn to draw.On weekends, I always have a good rest and read some books, I also

go out to play in the rest time.

Weekend activities can help us know more and work better on weekdays. So, it's necessary to have  good weekend activities.

How to study English

English is more and more important in our life .So it is necessary to study English. But some students feel that English is too difficult to learn. I think when you have found useful ways, then you can learn English well.

These are my ways to learn English:

I usually learn English by listening carefully in the English classes. And I often take notes in the classes.

After schoolwork , I often read English magazines, watch English movies. I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner.

Well, I hope you can study English better!

About the school rules

In our school, we have many school rules. In our school, we should wear uniforms every day. The problem is that all my friends think the uniforms are ugly. We think young people should look smart and so we would like to wear our own clothes. If we can’t do that, we should be allowed to design our own uniforms. We aren’t supposed to have a special hairstyle,and we shouldn’t go out of the shoolyard without being allowed.

   And it’s also a good idea for school to allow teenagers to study in groups during the evening, because we can learn a lot from others.

   Well, these are my idea about some of our school rules.  

volunteering

When I was young , I heard that the park where was near my home was finding volunteers . My teacher usually teached us that we shoud love environment because there is only one earth , so I joined in the volunteers . I  picked up the rubbrish with my friends . Sometimes we watered flowers and trees. Though we were all tired,we were very happy, because  we had a good experience.

Talk about the inventions

There are many inventions in the world. Most of them are very useful . And the most useful invention is” bulb”Bulbs give the light to the people. And many many yeas ago , Cailun invented the paper and it is used by many people  now , he is one of the most famous inventors in the China and. And now scientists are trying to invent more inventions . They want to make our life easier. I believe there will be more and more useful inventions in the future.

Order food

When we feel hungry ,we can come to the restaurants to order food.

We also can order the food we like on the phone.

The food ordered depends on  restaurants ,I order different food in different restaurants .In the traditional China restaurant I always order a bowl of soup .Then I order some vegetables ,such as tomatoes ,potoes......I also order some meat and other food that I like.In KFC I always order a cup of cola ,a humburger and some French Fries.

Weekend activities

   On  weekends,I always get up early in the morning .After I have the quick breakfast.I go to English classes.I am interested in English.And after that ,I have to do my homework and read books. In the afternoon,I usually pLay basketball or football with my firends.Because I like playing them very much! Sometimes I can visit my grandmother and have dinner in her house.In the evening,I often teach myself for next day's lessons and practice speaking Endlish with my parents,we also feel happy and I had a great time on weekend.

Talk about fun places

There are many interesting places in QingDao. Such as Mount Lao, Undersea World and some other places. Visiting these places can make me relaxed and makes me happy. I think Undersea World is the most interesting place I have ever been to, there are many kinds of fishes and ocean lives. The most amazing atrraction is a man dancing with a shark!! I meet my favorate animal----dolphins there! They are really cute. I love this place!!

Talk about your hometown

My hometown is QingDao, She has a long history. Red tiles and green trees, bluish sea and blue sky. In the evening, the beach is the good place to have fun. Sit down near the sea, enjoying the sea wind, drinking  Qingdao beer and eating the delicious seafood and the roasted meat, It is really theenjoyment of people in Qingdao.

There are also many national activities in Qingdao.Both  the International Beer Festival and the International Ocean Festival have atrracted many foreigners to Qingdao. I love my hometown!!!

好啦,看完了今天的文章内容,不知道大家现在对于中学生的英语口语学习是不是有了一些了解了。其实在中学阶段是我们英语口语学习的良好时机,我们可以通过很多有趣的方式去练习我们的口语,比如去看看初中英语口语训练短文等,这些都是一些好的方式,希望大家都能找到自己喜欢的学习方式哦。


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