托福口语答题时间分配 托福口语评分标准

  • 作者:打盹的猫
  • 更新日期:
  • 阅读:146

对于很多同学来说,尤其是英语基础不太好但是又很想出国留学的同学来说,考托福口语简直是太难了,有时候考试不知道如何分配答题时间,在考试的时候又不知道该如何下手,俗话说“知己知彼百战百胜”,我们只有更加清楚托福口语的考试规则和它的评分标准我们才能够有更多的可能去得到自己想要的成绩,接下来就给大家分享一些托福口语答题的时间分配问题和和托福口语的评分标准,希望能够对大家的托福口语考试有所帮助,一起来看看吧!

一、托福口语答题时间分配

众所周知托福口语每道标题在给出标题和请求考生开端答复之间都有短暂的准备时间。这段时间如何运用关于考生来说就变得相当重要了。

第1、2中的题目属于日常话题,这两道题本身难度比较小,所以特别需要注意的就是时间的分配问题,在这45秒钟里,一般用5~6秒完成topic sentence, 接下来的40秒应以每一个detail或者example不超过3~4句话的规律完成话题也就是说大致20秒完成一个细节或一个例子的表述,如果考生能在考前进行充分的准备,锻炼自己的口语思维积累常用的details或examples考试时就会从容许多。

第一部分(1-2题):准备时间15秒答题时间45秒,如第1、2中的题目属于日常话题,这两道题本身难度比较小所以需要注意的就是托福口语时间分配的问题,在这45秒钟里一般用5~6秒完成topic sentence 接下来的40秒应以每一个细节或者例子不超过3~4句话的规律完成该话题,也就是说大致20秒完成一个细节l或例子的表述,如果考生能在考前进行充分的准备,锻炼自己的口语思维,积累常用的细节或例子考试时就会从容许多。

3、4道题分别是情景题和学术题,3、4题的准备时间是30秒回答时间则是60秒;

第二部分(3-4题):准备时间30秒,答题60秒。它们分别是情景题和学术题。在阅读的时候要注意记录主题和支撑的观点。同时在TASK 3&4的听力进行中,要主要把握其重点环节,也就是人物的观点,以及他支持或反对的理由。另外在表述过程中,结构一定要清楚,在练习时不妨使用计时软件,多锻炼几次才能在规定时间内把要点说全说清楚。

最后的5、6道是以听力材料为基础,要求考生回答相关问题。首先考生掌控时间能力的强弱对这个部分成绩的高低有着直接影响,最后两道题目的准备时间是20秒回答的时间为60秒,大多数考生都反映口语部分的准备时间利用效率低、做答仓促。

第三部分(5-6题):准备时间30秒答题60秒,最后的5、6道以听力材料为基础要求考生回答相关问题,首先考生掌控时间能力的强弱对这个部分成绩的高低有着直接影响,前两道题的准备时间为15秒回答时间是45秒,3、4题的准备时间是30秒回答时间则是60秒,最后两道题目的准备时间只有20秒回答时间紧紧一分钟,大部分考生都会觉得口语部分的准备时间利用效率低做答比较仓促。

二、托福口语评分标准

1、独立问答题

能圆满地回答问题,结构完整,表达连贯;能准确使用语法和词汇,可能有少量语言错误,但不会影响整体内容;表达清楚,语言流畅,易于理解,可能存在少量语音、语调问题。(4分)

能够表达与话题有关的观点与信息, 但结构不够完整,各个观点之间的衔接有时不清晰,基本上能准确使用语法和词汇,可能有语言错误,但不会严重影响|整体内容;表达基本清楚,语言基本流畅,可能存在少量语音、语调、语速问题,偶尔可能会给听者造成理解困难。(3分)

回答切题,但结构不完整,各个观点之间的衔接不清晰;语法和词汇掌握有限,使用能力较低;表达不够清楚,存在语音、语调、语速问题,可能会给听者造成较大的理解困难。(2分)

观点不确切、有局限或含混不清,导致内容偏离主题;语法和词汇使用能力差,严重影响观点的表达和语言连贯性;语言不完整,多次停顿,频繁出现语音、语调问题,严重影响语义表达,给听者造成极大的理解困难。(1分)

回答内容与主题无关;没有答题。(0分)

2、综合题

能圆满地回答问题,能根据听力和阅读材料表达相关的信息和恰当的细节,观点表达连贯,语法和词汇_准确得体,可能有少量语言错误;表达清楚,语言流畅,易于理解,可能存在少量语音、语调问题。(4分)

能够表达与话题有关的信息,但表达不够完整、准确,或缺少细节;观点表达基本连贯,可能存在少量语法和词汇错误,但不会严重影响整体内容;表达基本清楚,语言基本流畅,可能存在少量语音、语调或语速问题,偶尔可能会给听者造成理解困难。(3分)

表达的信息基本切题 ,却遗漏 了主要观点, 结构不完整,或错误理|解主要观点;观点表达有局限, 各观点之间的衔接不确切、不清晰,语法与词汇|掌握有限、使用有误;表达不够清楚,存在语音、语调、语速问题,可能会给听者造成较大的理解困难。(2分)

观点表达不确切、有局限或含混不清,导致内容偏离主题;语法和词汇使用能力差,严重影响观点的表达和语言连贯性;语言不完整,多次停顿,频繁出现语音、语调问题,严重影响语义表达,给听者造成极大的理解困难。(1分)

回答内容与主题无关;没有答题。(0分)


三、托福口语万能段子

1.兴趣>音乐:

I am a 200% music fan! I’ve got almost every collection of Eric Clapton, a very popularAmerican guitarist and whenever I want to escape from my laborious homework, all that Ido is just use my walkman to enjoy Eric’s beautiful lyrics! I will have a blast! And,According to my mom’s memory, I have been enjoying singing in the public ever since Iwas a kindergarten boy! Then, I started my own rock band and made several records ofmy songs and used them as gifts to my friends in my high-school graduation ceremony.And now I still love singing songs but only to myself but to my beloved girl as well. I amnuts about music! (119)
 

2.政治/ 一次 XX 的经历

I may go into politics, just like Bill Clinton. I used to run for student body president of myuniversity. Because if I want to become a politician one day, I should get some experienceunder my belt now. On that day, I gave an election speech in front of 1500 peopleincluding my best friends and my teachers. It so was fortunate that none of them noticed Iwas so nervous that my voice couldn’t help trembling. I kept telling myself that I musthold on, and at last I won it by a hair, just 10 votes. My girlfriend Alexandre rushed ontothe stage and gave me a quick kiss. That really made my day! (117)
 

3.礼物,发明>>电脑

I am a frequent user of computer. If I intend to get access to a variety of informationaround the world, I will usually surf the Internet with my computer, browsing anddownloading everything interesting or useful to me. When I want to write and edit somearticles, I use the word processor on the computer, which has a lot of functions that makemy work much easier. If I need to make some statistic analysis, I also use the computersoftware like SPSS, which can relieve me of much manual calculation. In fact, mycomputer has become my indispensable part of my life and study, I really need it! (110)
 

4.最想去的地方/ 国家: (最想去新加坡)

If I’ve got a chance to go to any country in the world, I will choose Singapore withouthesitation. It has been attracting me ever since my best friend Robby went to theSingapore National University three years ago.From his E-mail, I knew that the weather in Singapore will never be too cold. That means Icould free myself from thick and heavy clothes and enjoy lovely sunshine every day. (I cantell the life there must be snug and comfortable.)

BBS.TPOOO.COM

Besides, surrounded by the Indonesian Ocean, Singapore is famous for its abundantand delicious seafood, especially lobster and sleeve-fish, which is my favorite. Still, thetropical sceneries there are also fascinating. I bet they will be much more beautifulthan those in Robby’s pictures. (127)

5.三种交通工具:自行车,汽车,火车,喜欢坐哪一个?(选择自行车)

Though I admire my friend Robby who has a fancy car very much, bicycle is still myfavorite one.
 

First of all, riding bicycle is a physical exercise which does good to my fitness. Every day it

takes me about 20 minutes on my bike from my apartment to the university and by that Iam in good shape and seldom catch a cold.

Moreover, bicycle is quite friendly to our environment. It’ll create little harmful carbondioxide to the air as trains and cars do.

What’s more, it is wise to use a bicycle in rush hour when cars are desperately waiting inheavy traffic jams. And it is interesting to hear Robby saying that he also admires me ofowning a bike! 

托福口语考试难不难,关键还得看自己,如果自己到底积累够多,平时的练习也到位的话,我相信考托福口语对大家来说也并不是一件难事,但是有了基础之后,还是需要去了解一下托福口语的题型以及多看看一些托福口语自我介绍范文,这样的话,既有基础,对标准心里又有底,我们才能有更好的努力方向以及目标,好啦,今天的内容就到这里啦,希望这些内容能够对考托福口语的你有所帮助哦。


标签:

上一篇:剑桥商务英语口语考试流程 剑桥商务英语考试题型

下一篇:剑桥雅思口语真题在哪里 剑桥雅思口语真题汇总