托福口语考试时间分配 新托福口语题型介绍

  • 作者:海月深深
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一转眼2020年已经过去一大半了,经过全国人民的抗疫,疫情已经得到了有效防控,随后一些因为疫情而耽误的各项工作和考试也开始进入正轨,就比如雅思和托福考试吧,这两个几乎每个月都有考试安排的考试,都受到大众的关注,且最近也有不少人向口语侠的小编提问有关于托福口语考试的资讯,比如托福口语考试时间分配以及托福口语评分换算等等,这些都是考前必须要了解的资讯,那么今天小编就来为大家解答一些关于托福考试的报考指南,希望这些信息对大家有所帮助哦。

一、托福口语考试时间分配

TASK 1&2

第一部分(1-2题):准备时间15秒答题时间45秒,如第1、2中的题目属于日常话题,这两道题本身难度比较小所以需要注意的就是托福口语时间分配的问题,在这45秒钟里一般用5~6秒完成topic sentence 接下来的40秒应以每一个细节或者例子不超过3~4句话的规律完成该话题,也就是说大致20秒完成一个细节l或例子的表述,如果考生能在考前进行充分的准备,锻炼自己的口语思维,积累常用的细节或例子考试时就会从容许多。

3、4道题分别是情景题和学术题,3、4题的准备时间是30秒回答时间则是60秒;

TASK 3&4

第二部分(3-4题):准备时间30秒,答题60秒。它们分别是情景题和学术题。在阅读的时候要注意记录主题和支撑的观点。同时在TASK 3&4的听力进行中,要主要把握其重点环节,也就是人物的观点,以及他支持或反对的理由。另外在表述过程中,结构一定要清楚,在练习时不妨使用计时软件,多锻炼几次才能在规定时间内把要点说全说清楚。

最后的5、6道是以听力材料为基础,要求考生回答相关问题。首先考生掌控时间能力的强弱对这个部分成绩的高低有着直接影响,最后两道题目的准备时间是20秒回答的时间为60秒,大多数考生都反映口语部分的准备时间利用效率低、做答仓促。

TASK 5&6

第三部分(5-6题):准备时间30秒答题60秒,最后的5、6道以听力材料为基础要求考生回答相关问题,首先考生掌控时间能力的强弱对这个部分成绩的高低有着直接影响,前两道题的准备时间为15秒回答时间是45秒,3、4题的准备时间是30秒回答时间则是60秒,最后两道题目的准备时间只有20秒回答时间紧紧一分钟,大部分考生都会觉得口语部分的准备时间利用效率低做答比较仓促。

二、新托福口语题型介绍

新托福口语部分共有6题,持续时间约20分钟。有两种题型,分别为独立任务(Independent Task)和综合任务(Integrated Task)。对于这两种题型,下面分开介绍:

◆独立任务(Independent Task)

第一题和第二题属于独立任务。准备时间均为15秒,答题时间均为45秒。

第一道题,要求考生根据personal experience来答题,即题目涉及的都是与个人生活息息相关的问题,考生需要根据自身经历表达自己的观点并解释原因。

如:1. Describe a person whom you would like to spend time with.

2. Talk about an important experience that you recently had.

第二道题,要求考生做出personal choice,即题目为两个相反的事物或两种不同的观点,考生需要从中选择一个并解释原因。

如:1. Some students would prefer to live with roommates. Others would prefer to live alone. Which option would you prefer and why?

    2. State whether you agree or disagree with the following statement. Learning through online courses is more effective than learning in the traditional classroom setting. 

◆综合任务(Integrated Task)

第三、四、五,六道题均为综合题。第三,四题准备时间均为30秒,答题时间均为60秒。第五,六题,准备时间均为20秒,答题时间均为60秒。

第三题,集合了读,听,说的形式,也就是先阅读一篇短文,听一段对话,然后回答问题。此题相当于模拟大学校园生活。阅读短文为一个自然段,75-100个单词,阅读时间为45秒。听力材料是两个学生的对话,是对阅读短文中提出的问题的评论,听力时间为60秒-120秒。

 第四题,集合了读,听,说的形式,也就是先阅读一篇学术性材料,听一个讲座,然后回答问题。此题相当于模拟大学课堂。阅读材料为75-100个单词的长度学术性材料。听力材料是教授在课堂上通过举例子的形式讲解阅读材料中的术语。

第五题,集合了听、说的形式。听力时间为60秒-120秒,它是一道情景题,以problem + solution模式展开对话,即学生之间谈论学习生活中遇到的某个problem,并提出solution(s)。

第六道,集合了听、说的形式。它是一个教授所做的讲座,讲座以现象+举例的模式展开,即教授先介绍某个学术现象,然后通过举例进一步解释此学术现象。

三、托福口语精选话题范文

1、以“最喜欢”为题:最喜欢的音乐

I enjoy listening to jazz. It is nice and easy to listen to. When you pour yourself a cup of tea in a cozy afternoon and sit in front of the table with a book open, jazz is exactly the kind of music you should be looking for. It tastes good along with the sunshine. All the pressures and troubles seem to disappear after a dose of it. Works are better than drugs. I especially love a Chinese jazz musician called Wang Ruolin. Her version of the jazz is particularly relaxing for me and it is her who makes me fall in love with this type of music. (107 words)

2、以“健康”为题:如何保持健康

eat healthy and exercise. When I am not busy, I’d go online and check out healthy diet. The information on the internet helps me understand the body and nutrition better and it is really helpful for me to choose and prepare healthy food. What’s more, sports are another way for me to stay robust. I swim and run in my spare time and do pushups and situps to keep healthy and strong. Occasionally, I will play basketball with my friends and classmates. Games make you forget about time and you don’t feel exhausted when you play for a long time. It is kind of exciting to do so.(109 words)

3、以“历史”为题:对历史的看法

For me I think it is the history. For I am a Chinese and we have so long of it. There simply is too much to remember. And the years, the names, the places, the events all became tangled up once you learn beyond 3 or 4 dynasties and I don’t even remember we have how many of them. But I still think it important because what is going on in this country still bear traces from the past with or without our notice, although we’d like to say that we live in a new China. And I think learning history is a great way to understand this country that I am born into. (114 words)

4、以“教育”为题:孩子的教育问题

The Children Problem

Children are said to be “flowers of our Motherland”. In our country, children are taking very good care of. Special laws have been issued to protect children. Thousands of schools have been set up to make education available to all children. The party and the government pay due attention to the growth of children because they represent our bright future.

Nowadays, the“one child per family” policy had been practiced all over the country. So far the policy has been showing positive effects. For example, parents have more time and energy to look after their children, and as a result, children become healthier and more intelligent. However, the“one child per family” policy also has some side-effects. For instance, a number of parents have gone too far in raising their children. They try to satisfy every demand of their spoiled kids, thus turning them into“flowers in the nursery” that cannot bear any hardship or difficulty.

It is time we should discuss and study the problem of education children. (169 words)

以上就是口语侠小编为大家解答的托福口语考试时间分配以及一些最近的托福口语考试资讯的问题内容啦,托福口语自从改革后在答题时间上做了调整,所以也正是因为这个原因,大家都会先了解清楚考试时间的变化才能更好的展开备考,不仅仅是时间有了变化,改革后的托福考试题型也有了一些变换,小编也为大家带来了具体的改革前后的区别,大家如果想要进一步了解的可以继续点击口语侠官网查看哦。


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