托福口语考试考察哪几方面 托福口语考试评分标准

  • 作者:菜菜子
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我们去参加一门考试,如果想要取得好的成绩,那对这门考试做足功课肯定是非常必要的,毕竟知己知彼方能百战不殆,摸清了这门考试,我们才能更好的通过这门考试呀,所以我们的托福口语考试也是如此,要想在托福口语中考出好成绩,我们肯定要对托福口语的考试有个全面的了解,比如托福口语考哪几题,托福口语喜欢考查什么内容呢,这些问题还是非常重要的,今天小编节带大家一起去看看我们的托福口语考试考查哪几方面的内容哦。

一、托福口语考试考察哪几方面

中心是否相关

说明:调查托福考生口头表达的内容是否完整、准确。调查的重点在于考生能否准确理解问题的含义,并准确地迎合问题的需要。

意思清楚吗

说明:检查考生所表达的托福口语口头内容是否能被清晰地理解,或者表面上是否流利,但实际上是模棱两可、难以理解的。

结构是否严密:

说明:考察考生的英语口语表达是否有严格的结构和逻辑,是否缺乏自信。

表达一致性:

说明:考察托福口语考生口语流中是否存在停顿,包括思维停顿和表达停顿的原因或表现。不过,这一标准并没有对考生的口头表达速度提出严格要求

托福口语发音是否清晰:

说明:检查考生的发音是否清晰。至少不是因为口音。

托福语法是否正确:

说明:检查考生是否能熟练运用较复杂的句子结构表达思想,尽量避免出现错误。

托福口语考试词汇熟练程度:

说明:为了考察考生是否能掌握足够的英语词汇来表达,重点在于熟练程度和准确性。不过,这一标准并没有对考生用词的难度提出硬性要求。

二、托福口语考试评分标准

TOEFL IBT Speaking Scoring Rubric

Independent Tasks (Questions 1 and 2)

新托福口语评分标准:Score:4

General Description: The response fulfills the demands of the task, with at most minor lapses in completeness. It is highly intelligible and exhibits sustained, coherent discourse. A response at this level is characterized by all of the following.

Delivery: Generally well-paced flow (fluid expression). Speech is clear. It may include minor lapses, or minor difficulties with pronunciation or intonation patterns, which do not affect intelligibility.

Language Use: The response demonstrates effective use of grammar and vocabulary. It exhibits a fairly high degree of automat city with good control of basic and complex structures (as appropriate). Some minor (or systemic) errors are noticeable but do not obscure meaning.

Topic Development: Response is sustained and sufficient to the task. It is generally well developed and coherent; relationships between ideas are clear (or clear progression of ideas).

新托福口语评分标准:Score:3

General Description: The response addresses the task appropriately, but may fall short of being fully developed. It is generally intelligible and coherent, with some fluidity of expression though it exhibits some noticeable lapses in the expression of ideas. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the following.

Delivery: Speech is generally clear, with some fluidity of expression, though minor difficulties with pronunciation, intonation, or pacing are noticeable and may require listener effort at times (though overall intelligibility is not significantly affected).

Language Use: The response demonstrates fairly automatic and effective use of grammar and vocabulary and fairly coherent expression of relevant ideas.Response may exhibit some imprecise or inaccurate use of vocabulary or

grammatical structures used. This may affect overall fluency, but it does not seriously interfere with the communication of the message. Topic Development: Response is mostly coherent and sustained and conveysrelevant ideas information. Overall development is somewhat limited, usually lacks elaboration or specificity. Relationships between ideas may at times not be immediately clear.

新托福口语评分标准:Score:2

General Description: The response addresses the task, but development of the topic is limited. It contains intelligible speech, although problems with delivery and/or overall coherence occur; meaning may be obscured in places. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the following.

Delivery: Speech is basically intelligible, though listener effort is needed because of unclear articulation, awkward intonation, or choppy rhythm pace; meaning may be obscured in places.

Language Use: The response demonstrates limited range and control of grammar and vocabulary .These limitations often prevent full expression of ideas. For the most part, only basic sentence structures are used successfully and spoken with fluidity. Structures and vocabulary may express mainly simple (short) and/or general propositions, with simple or unclear connections made among them (serial listing, conjunction, juxtaposition).

Topic Development: The response is connected to the task, though the number of ideas presented or the development of ideas is limited. Mostly basic ideas are expressed with limited elaboration (details and support). At times relevant substance may be vaguely expressed or repetitious. Connections of ideas may be unclear

新托福口语评分标准:Score:1

General Description: The response is very limited in content and/or coherence or is only minimally connected to the task, or speech is largely unintelligible. A response at this level is characterized by at least two of the following.

Delivery: Consistent pronunciation, stress, and intonation difficulties cause considerable listener effort; delivery is choppy, fragmented, or telegraphic; frequent pauses and hesitations.

Language Use: Range and control of grammar and vocabulary severely limit (or prevent) expression of ideas and connections among ideas. Some low level responses may rely heavily on practiced or formulaic expressions.

Topic Development: Limited relevant content expressed. The response generally lacks substance beyond expression of very basic ideas. Speaker may be unable to sustain speech to complete task and may rely heavily on repetition of the prompt.

三、托福口语考场实战经验分享

想要顺利解答托福口语的独立和综合题型,考生需要的不仅是充足时间精力的投入以及大量的练习积累,对于答题时的几个关键细节要点也需要充分掌握才行。下面小编就具体讲解 3 个考生要把握好的口语高分答题要点,帮助大家更有效率地提升成绩。

1、掌握好答题时间

托福口语的答题时间有限。仅就托福独立口语部分而言,准备时间只有 15 秒,答题时间在 60 秒之内。如果考生说不完,根本不可能取得高分。建议大家在答题时,规划好时间,比如用 5 秒左右的时间说完总论点,然后用 40 秒左右的时间论述一至两个分论点。当然要做到这样的答题时间精确度,还需要考生在平时准备托福口语的时候强迫自己对于某个话题在最短的时间内形成一个清晰、有逻辑性的观点以及证明过程,并试图先用中文表达出来,以后再慢慢地过渡到英语上面去。

2、基本的语音与语法

很多中国没有真正理解托福口语的作答要求,以为自己说得快就是托福口语流利的体现,结果发音含混不清 ; 也有一些考生在答题时运用的词语过于简单,信息含量低。这些都会影响托福口语高分。在托福口语评分标准中可以看到:答题时口语的清晰、易懂比语速更重要 ; 考生恰当使用词汇、句型,内容越丰富、信息量越大,越容易得高分。因此,考生在托福口语答题中要注意话语的层次,对于语句重音、语调方式及停顿等,要掌握得自然飘逸。并注意口语的修辞化,对一些修辞能恰到好处地进行引用。

3、保持逻辑思维的敏锐

考生要学习西方人的逻辑。和托福写作的思路一致,考生的托福口语答题也要做好规划。比如在一开始就摆明论点,中间部分用充分的论据发展论点,结尾处能很好地呼应前文总结或辨析。所以学生在托福口语答题中只要应用了逻辑的开头,以此来陈述立场,进而发展论点,就会让考官形成思想认同,觉得你这个人逻辑思维到位,从而取得高分。而中国考生的问题大多在于答题过于 " 含蓄 ",回答问题毫无计划性。

看到这里,我们今天的内容也要结束了,不知道大家看完了今天的文章对于托福口语考试是不是有了更多的了解呢,我们的托福口语考试考查的内容还是非常多的,像你的中心是否正确,表达是否流利,发音是否规范等等都是我们托福口语很看重的点哦,大家知道了这样考点就要针对性的去做练习啦。


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