托福口语Task1和Task2的区别 托福口语TASK1和TASK2提分要点

  • 作者:菜菜子
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托福口语考试总共有两大部分的内容,第一部分就是我们的独立口语考试,托福独立口语里有两个小题分别是task1和task2。独立口语一般是喜欢出一些人物、事件让你来发表自己的看法,相对来说不会太难。而task1和task2虽然考查的范围是一样的,但是具体的考题还是会涉及不同的内容的,所以我们在备考独立口语是也要进行区分的哦,那么托福托福口语Task1和Task2的区别是在哪里,我们如何去备考这一部分呢,有没有一些托福独立口语模板让大家来参考呢,别着急小编马上带你其看看哦。

一、托福口语Task1和Task2的区别

新托福考试的口语部分共6道题,第1题和第2题为独立回答题。每道题的准备时间为15秒,回答问题时间为45秒。通常来说题目都不需要考生具备某一学科的专业知识,第一题是有关选择相关的人物,地点,事物或时间并就其发表观点,第二题是就两种可能的情况做出选择。例如:

1.Describe an object that is very special in your life. Explain why this object is important to you.

2.Some universities require students to participate in community service activities. What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of having such a policy? Include details and examples in your explanation.

在回答的时候,要通过举例或细节描述支持论点,表达时可以运用定义,描写,比较,比喻或举例等合适的方法。恰当的细节描述来支撑自己的观点。例如:就上面的两个问题来回答:

1.Describe an object that is very special in your life. Explain why this object is important to you.

The object that is special for me is the book Harry potter one. I cherish it very much for the following several reasons. First, it is a present that my mother gave to me as my eleventh birthday gift. Second, after reading this book, I found books are actually amazing; the plots in it are quite impressive. And then, I developed an interest in reading books. I really appreciate that the book brings me to this fantastic world. Finally, by talking about the book, I meet so many friends that have the common interest of me. Therefore, this book is truly special for me, I'll cherish it forever.

分析:首先明确指出了书的名字:Harry potter one. 开门见山。很多时候中国考生说话喜欢兜圈子,话说了好多,但还没有说到要点。这是不对的,美国人的思维是看门见山,直截了当的说出自己的观点。接下来,采用了First, Second, Finally这样的词汇来阐述自己的观点,这样可以让听者很清晰的把握内容的脉络,很具有条理性。而且在论证的过程中还才采用了大量的细节描述,after reading this book, I found books are actually amazing; the plots in it are quite impressive. And then, I developed an interest in reading books. I really appreciate that the book brings me to this fantastic world. 使回答的内容更具有了说服力,内容完成,回答缜密。

2.Some universities require students to participate in community service activities. What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of having such a policy? Include details and examples in your explanation.

There are both advantages and disadvantages of a policy that requires students to participate in community service activities. One of the advantages is that it might help students understand the importance of good will and charity. Another advantage is that it will help students understand other people better. The most important advantage of such a policy is that it will help bridge gaps between different age, class, and ethnic groups. Some people might also argue that there are some drawbacks to having such a policy. One of those disadvantages might be that forcing people to do things they don't want to do usually has some kind of consequence. Furthermore, when people are receiving help from others, they usually give their trust to their helpers; if the volunteers don't want to be there, it might prevent some people from helping.

分析:总体来看,内容完整,条理清晰,很自然的就能从回答中获得所需要的信息。先说出了问题的优势,再指出劣势。而且关系一层层的递进,例如:One of the advantages, Another advantage, The most important advantage. 这样读下来,可以轻松的知道优势在哪。 同样,在说劣势的时候,也采用了这种形式:One of those disadvantages, Furthermore. 论证的时候能通过举例,细节描述去证明观点: Furthermore, when people are receiving help from others, they usually give their trust to their helpers; if the volunteers don't want to be there, it might prevent some people from helping. 这样是内容更加丰满了。在提出一个观点的时候,一般来说至少要用2个以上的论据去支撑自己的论点,否则就会显得太单薄,缺乏感染力和说服力,也会造成让人觉得口语水平不高等这样的弊端。所以一定要用细节来充实内容。

上面是就第一和第二两题的一些阐述。老生常谈,说到口语,自然会联想到语音语调等。这是口语的基础,也是一个人的 “门面”。在刚听到口语的时候,第一印象就是语音,标准的发音,适中的语速会给人留下好的印象。所以在发音方面一定要注意,可以跟读磁带或者多与外国人交流,潜移默化中,发音就会被纠正的。再加上把握住上面提到的一些回答的技巧,相信可以使口语水平有一个质的飞跃的!

托福口语Task1和Task2做题技巧实例解析如上所述,如果大家不知道如何回答独立口语题,不妨参照文中内容来做提升。其实独立口语是有技巧的,除了平时要练好基本功外,答题也要讲求策略

二、托福口语TASK1和TASK2提分要点

1.尽量按照总分的结构进行叙述

单刀直入是西方人习惯的表达方式。由一句主题句引出观点与中心,让考官能够清晰地得知叙述的主题,从而打下良好的基础。如果在考题中出现了问题,则应该开门见山地回答问题,切入主题,阐明自己的观点,从而为接下来的详细叙述理清层次以及节约时间,如果有多余的时间,则可以再增添一句总结的话语,使叙述详尽完整。

2.在叙述的过程中应该合理地利用逻辑词汇

用好逻辑词汇才能使文章的逻辑顺畅,条理清晰。中国人说话习惯靠上下文去分析句与句的关系,但是西方人不同,他们习惯用逻辑连接词来表达句子关系,如果按照中国人的思维去说英语,在外国人看来就是一堆杂乱无章的句子罗列,这样的分数常常会十分的不好看。论点的叙述,则应该尽量在草稿上简单罗列,讲述时由浅至深,增强逻辑性与条理性。所以,在练习口语的过程中,最好请一位外教跟踪辅导,为学生纠正口音以及语言习惯等问题。

3.在描述时,应该尽量将抽象的话语具体化

切忌在口语回答时很空泛地喊口号做呼吁,这样常常收效甚微。西方人习惯十分具体生动的描述,如描述环境很优美,不应该仅仅说“it''s beautiful outside”,而可以去描述flower,tree,bird等细节,增强生动性。

4. 多做常考叙述问题训练避免开不了口

问题面对十分概括的问题时,许多考生会觉得十分难以开口,只能让时间白白流失,痛失了分数。针对这类问题,多做一些常考的口语问题,就应该将问题缩小到一个具体的事物进行叙述和讨论,缩小问题寻找突破口,这种方法也是所有宽泛问题的应对方式。

三、托福独立口语任务模板精析

下面就给大家提供一份独立口语任务的部分可以借鉴使用的模板。

Task1: Personally, I would have to say that, um, the person I admire most/ a valuable possession I want to talk about/the place I would most like to go is ____________________

And there are a couple of reasons to name. The most important thing is that, you know,_________________.What’s more,_______________________________.So that’s why_____________________.

Task2 Well, in my opinion, I would definitely agree with the point that,um,_______________.The first reason I wanna say is that_________________________.More importantly,________________.So ,uh, for these two reasons listed ablove, I choose____________________

注: 1,2题模板比较口语比较自然。 有些许的well ,um, you know之类的词是可以理解的,是非常好的一种缓冲、赢得时间思考的方式,但是注意不能用的太多,否则会给考官不流畅的感觉,影响得分。

那么中间空格处填充的部分呢,当然每个题目有每个题目的不同,下面就给大家提供一些常见题目可以用到的细节例证部分。

1. 放松

I can totally relax in such a ….environment; I am fascinated to the harmonious atmosphere which could make me refreshed and energetic. By …….. I can released my emotion, pressure and uneasiness through it, and have a temporary escape from the academic workload such as assignment and examination.

2.健康

It’s good for my health. I can improve my speed, strength, and flexibility. It’s also a good way to lose weight and keep in good shape. Before…..I often got sick, depression and hot temper, but now everything is getting much better.

3.学习

I can have an easier access to a huge amount of knowledge and inform action ranging from history and biology. For instance, it’ll be easy for me to polish my speaking and listening skills if …../in such a …environment/ by….This can render me a good opportunity to practice my English, and eventually put me in a favorable position in the upcoming competition.

4.人际关系

During the process of communication/discussion about…..,and I can learn some useful interpersonal skills or personality such as honesty and persistence from others. This can help me cooperate with others more effectively and offer me more opportunities to make new acquaintance. With more partners, I am more likely to succeed in the future.

当然了还有很多其他的常见例段可以总结,希望大家在备考的过程中自己试着背诵整理,形成自己用起来最舒服最习惯的一套模板,同时也是最适合你的一套模板。

大家看到这里想必对托福独立口语部分也有一定的认识了,托福独立口语部分的考试内容还是相对简单一些的,一般都是涉及我们生活中常见的事情或者人,在备考过程中要区分好task1和task2的一些差别,这样我们才能答在点子上,不容易把两题都答得一样,这样考官也更可能给你打高分哦,所以大家这方面还是要多去练习的哦。


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