托福综合写作万能模板 托福写作万能理由汇总

  • 作者:菜菜子
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托福考试总共有四个部分组成,包括听力、写作、阅读和口语。小编有看到很多小伙伴认为托福考试很难,需要花很多的时间去备考,想要托福成绩拿到高分就需要在最有可能的部分好好的拿分,其实在托福考试中我们国内考试最容易拿高分的一个地方就是我们的写作,托福写作有分为综合和独立部分,那么托福综合写作流程是怎么样的呢。此外,写作练好对我们来说是很重要的哦,相信大家在平常的练习中都喜欢去看高分范文已经万能模板等,学习这些范文的写作方式,这是一个很好的方式,因此今天小编给大家分享一些托福综合写作万能模板的相关内容,更好的帮助大家写好作文哦。

一、托福综合写作万能模板

模版范例一:

The lecture and the reading discuss ( ). The lecturer puts forward 3 pioints and effectively contradicts the opinions of the reading.

First of all, the reading says that ( ). In contrast, the lecture claims that ( ). By this way, the lecture contradicts the first opinion of the reading.

Second, the reading claims that ( ), while according to the lecture, this is not the case. The lecturer says that ( ). By casting doubt on an important peice of evidence of the reading, the lecture contradicts the second claim of the reading.

Finally, the reading states that ( ), while the lecture claims that ( ). Thus the lecture refutes the last claim of the reading.

模版范例二:

The lecture apparently refutes the points illustrated in the reading material. According to the professor, ________________.On the contrary, the reading contends an opposite stand that_____.

The first point the professor uses to cast doubt on the reading is that___________, which differs from the statement in the reading that_____.

Another evidence the speaker adopts to contradict the passage is________. However, the reading states that_________.

In the conclusion, the point made in the lecture contrasts with what is presented in the reading. As the professor claims, ________whereas the reading material holds that________.

二、托福写作万能理由汇总

托福写作万能理由汇总:效率(efficient)

万能关键字:效率(efficient)

万能关键词句: make full use of resource、not to squander efficiency-conscious、take a shortcut 走捷径、Efficiency is gold、 We use half of the effort, but we can double the result等等都可以用到关于“效率”的写作中。

万能段落: Being efficiency means not to waste and not to squander. Sometimes we use half of the effort, but we can double the result. Modern people chase after efficiency that is the catchword around the globe. Our work efficiency can be enhanced if we adopt proper method; our learning efficiency can be elevated if we take a shortcut. Anyway, when we make full use of the devices at our hands, we may achieve efficiency, which can save our time and efforts.

以上是关于“效率”的词句以及段落的使用,那么,如果将之与托福真题结合起来是不是就完美了!所以,下面我们一起来看一下和“效率”相关的写作话题有哪些。

2011年7月23日北美托福考试题目:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Teachers should give students more group assignments because students work more efficiently in groups.

写作思路:

(1)同意题目的观点:

Students exchange ideas and it easier to produce new and creative ideas.

Students are more enthusiastic in group assignments than in individual work

The spirit of teamwork is easily cultivated in the students' work

(2)反对题目的观点:

Students are easily distracted in group assignments

Students may rely on other students' work and do not do their own part in group work

Work cannot be entirely balanced and it may create unfair in group work

托福写作万能理由汇总:环保(environmental)

教育类话题其实包括很多更加细小的话题,“环保”可以用来教育人们,注意环境保护,珍爱健康;生活方式中也离不开“环保”话题,现在很多人的生活方式趋于“环保”化,不用一次性筷子、塑料袋等;环境类更是离不开这个话题。由此可见,“环保”这个关键字还是和托福写作息息相关的。

看似简单的两个字,其实可以撑起很多篇托福写作的骨架。这就要看大家在托福写作中的运用能力了。还有就是关于这两个关键字,拓展的一些词组、句子以及万能段落,也是我们在托福写作中会用到的提分的关键。下面一起来看一下。

1.万能关键字:环保(environmental)

2.万能关键词句: emit hazardous materials、alternative energy、maintain ecological balance,go green 多种树,讲环保、environmental awareness、environment-friendly、reduce, reuse, and recycle 、sustainable development、exhaust natural resources、There is no boundary between human and nature等都是经常用在托福写作中的。

3.万能段落:Being environmental is related to the natural environment, its protection and conservation. In order to maintain ecological balance, our environment awareness should be enhanced. When we are green-washed; when we become environment-friendly, we may realize three “r”s: reduce, reuse, and recycle. These three “r”s are vital to the preservation of a cleaner, better environment that will benefit people’s wellbeing.

下面我们来看一下针对“环保”这个话题,托福写作真题有哪些题目是与之对应的呢?

下面是2013年9月8日大陆考试托福写作的题目:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: The government should focus more on environmental problems and less on economic development.

写作思路:

(1)同意题目中的观点:

1. Environmental deterioration is a major problem worldwide.

2. It relates to the sustainable development of the country.

3. A sound environment is beneficial to human survival.

(2)反对题目中的观点:

1. Economic development should be made the first priority.

2. It provides financial support for environmental protection.

Economic development takes effects in a shorter period.

托福写作万能理由之节约(economical)

1.万能关键字:节约(economical)

2.万能关键词句: money-conscious 重金钱的、cut down the price、steady development、Waste not, and want not.不浪费,不短缺 、Husband energy, and cut emission.节能减排、To save is to earn、Our society is economy-driven.节约型社会、A penny saved is a penny earned等可以用在关于“节约”的话题写作中。

3.万能段落:Being economical means using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness. Being economical or money- saving is vital to people as an English proverb puts it that “ a penny saved is a penny earned“. When we achieve economy in expenditure, we are in fact making money work for us. When we bargain and cut down the price, we are money-conscious; when we take bus instead of driving our own cars, we are reducing the cost for petrol.

以上是针对托福写作中“节约”话题的相关内容,以及由此拓展的词汇和句子。下面,我们来看一下,在托福考试真题中,有什么题目十余只对应的呢?

2014年6月28日大陆考试托福写作题目:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to reduce air pollution is for the government to raise the cost of petrol for cars.

写作思路:

(1)同意题目的观点:

1. Higher cost leads to lower demand of petrol,leading to the reduction of air pollution.

2. Less demand of petrol encourages companies to develop clean energy.

3. High income from petrol allows relevant comp government to develop clean energy.

(2)反对题目的观点:

1. The rich do not care about the price of it, and continue to use large amount of petrol.

2. Exploring some renewable resources is a valid solution to reduce air pollution.

3. Driving up the cost may lose the hearts of the people

托福写作万能理由之愿望(desire)

1.万能关键字:愿望(desire)

2.万能关键词句:

crave for/long for/yearn for/pine for creatures of desire 欲望之物、meet our needs to one’s heart’s content 尽情享受、fulfill one’s dream satisfy one’s vanity满足虚荣心等。

3.万能段落(可以运用到托福写作中,一定会给你的文章增色不少哦):Desire refers to our hope or inclination. We are all creatures of desires. We try our best/endeavor to satisfy our desire and vanity: the desire to relax to our heart’s content; the desire to gain more knowledge; the desire to earn big money and the desire to be loved. To meet one’s desire is to enjoy a happy life. Hence, we are all willing to sacrifice our time and efforts to make our heart’s desire fulfilled.

我们掌握了“愿望“这个关键词的素材,那么怎么将之与托福写作真题联系起来呢?下面看一个与之相关的话题:

2011年10月27日大陆托福考试真题题目:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Most business people are motivated by the desire for money.

思路介绍(反对题目的观点):

? Most business organization exist to make a profit,but it would be wrong to say that business people are motivated purely by the desire for greater wealth.

论点1:

Many successful companies have their social responsibilities.

? They raise funds for children's charities.

? They actively defend women's rights. ,

? A significant portion of profit goes to great causes.

论点2:

An established enterprise has environmental ?

? They abide by environmental protection laws.

? The emphasis is on sustainable Safeguarding environment and human health is the top priority.

论点3

Visionary business leaders are interested in innovation.

? They invest enormously in scientific research.

? Advanced technology is their life's passion.

? They aim to create a better world in the future

结论:

? Apart from their ambitions for money,business people can be motivated by social and environmental responsibilities as well as their enthusiasm for creativity.

It is true that most business organizations exist to make a profit,but it would be wrong to say that business people are motivated purely by the desire for greater wealth.

三、详解托福综合写作的评分细则

综合写作是托福写作板块中的其中一项。托福考试的写作部分分为综合(Integrated writing)和独立(Independent writing)两块,这两块分别独立评分,取平均值后得到最终的分数。也就是说,这两个部分各占一半权重,因此应给予相同程度的重视。关于这两部分的了解,强烈建议同学们自己去看看ETS出版的托福考试官方指南(OG),OG里面对于考试形式和评分标准有非常详尽的介绍,有些同学在准备输出端考试(写作或者口语)的时候,居然连评分细则都不看,仅凭自己的主观臆测和对于老师讲解的依稀记忆去打造自己的文章,考不好真的不奇怪。下面,我们就来分析一下托福考试的评分细则。

综合写作的满分要求是:

A response at this level successfully selects the important information from the lecture and coherently and accurately presents this information in relation to the relevant information presented in the reading. The response is well organized and occasional language errors that are present do not result in inaccurate or imprecise presentation of content or connections。

大家会发现,这里面的关键词是information和organization,也就是信息量和逻辑,至于语言,并没有提出太多的要求,用词和造句“秋裤”一些没有关系。因此,只要听力和阅读的笔记记得较全,并且能够把听力中的观点和细节表达清楚就可以。需要注意的是,这部分对词数和时间都是有要求的,官方的规定是150-225词,我的建议是180-260词,时限是20分钟。关于summary的结构,一定是四段??introduction+3对detail,不需要conclusion。总体来说,这部分得高分的一定是把听力写得很清楚的同学,事实上听力才是考察的重点,阅读是用来帮助对听力进行理解的,同学们在写听力内容的时候切不可有“这个也要写啊,没必要吧”的想法。另外,阅读的内容在写summary的时候决不可照抄。

了解了综合写作的评分细则,我们可以列出同学们需要锻炼的能力列表:

1、 阅读能力

2、 听力和速记能力

3、 一定的改写能力

好了,下面我们来看看应该如何复习综合写作。首先,大家要对自己的阅读和听力能力有一个认识,首选的测试题就是ETS发布的TPO(toefl practice online),大家不妨在复习初期拿来“裸测”一下。对自己的能力有大概认识之后,同学们一定要注意复习方法。很多同学认为自己阅读差就是因为不认识单词,所以拼命背单词;有些同学觉得自己听力差,就花大量时间练习听写。这些方法本身都对能力提高很有好处,但是大家一定要记住,实战才是锻炼能力的最好方式,所以还是希望大家多做全套的综合写作习题,TPO有二十多套,就是很不错的选择。但是TPO有一个问题,没有很规范的范文作为参考,这是为什么很多老师开始在精讲精练班上讲解TPO,以帮助同学们复习。另外,还有一本书值得推荐《新托福考试专项进阶——高级写作》,这是我在自己的单项班上的专用教材,里面的综合写作并不是TPO,但却是托福考试真题还原出来的,而且配有native speaker撰写的范文,具备不错的参考价值。

四、如何提升托福成绩

托福考试包含有听力、写作、阅读以及口语,这四项内容都是相辅相成的,那一部分落下都是会影响我们的托福成绩的哦。因此如果详想对自己的托福考试做一个好的规划,那么找到一个专业的外教进行练习还是很有必要的。分享一下我在用的app:口语侠,里面有很多专业的托福外教可以选择,里面的老师对于托福考试都有很长教学的经验,能够帮助你的英语练习得更加的完善哦,我长期练习的一个外教陪练是英国的Leila,她不仅口音纯正,而且人超级nice。

下载注册口语侠app后,一定要输入我的推荐码:ZXN0GT,可以免费获得10分钟的练习时长。

好啦,以上就是关于托福综合写作部分的万能模板的分析内容啦,这些模板大家可以多去看看,多拿来练练,不过最重要的是要学会自己去修改成最适合自己的模板,而不是完全照搬模板来写哦,这样我们在真正的托福考试中是很难拿到高分的,只有真正融入了自己想法的,才是最好的呀。


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