托福独立口语万能素材 托福口语时间分配

  • 作者:桃子
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最近有报考托福考试的考生来私聊口语侠小编关于考试素材的问题,了解托福托福考试的考生们都会了解到的是托福考试分成两个大的部分,分别是独立口语和综合口语那么对于独立口语考试来说有哪些苏才可以用呢,小编根据了解到的内容来总结了一些考试的素材,希望这些可以帮助到大家哦。托福口语整个时长在20分钟,那么托福口语时间分布情况又是怎样的呢,下面就看看具体的内容吧。

一、托福独立口语万能素材

1.Being Humorous

素材:

It occurs to me that Mr. Bean is the person who always makes me laugh. Mr. Bean rarely speaks, but his exaggerated/odd facial expressions usually make me burst into laughter. He usually misbehaves himself, for example, he once drops his coffee on a man’s laptop and then lets someone else take the blame. Besides, his ignorance of what’s going on around him also appears to be funny to me. For instance, in one scene, while Mr. Bean is driving, he falls asleep at the wheel.

I keep several Mr. Bean series in my computer, and when I feel upset or low, or want to have a study break, I usually open the files and watch a few episodes. His zany behaviors never fail to make me laugh.

(备注:素材中选取的人物是Mr. Beans,大家在练习的时候,针对不同的题目,可以把人物换成不同的对象,比如my father,my friend等等)

可应用的题目:

What kind of movie do you like most? Explain why you like this kind of movie. Include reasons and examples to support your response.

While choosing a friend, which of the following characteristics do you care about most: honesty, loyalty or sense of humor? Explain why this characteristic is the most important to you.

Talk your family member which has similar traits as you. Describe that trait.

Talk about a person you enjoy talking with.

Describe your favorite movie star or singer.

2.Being Considerate

素材:

He is a very considerate and caring person. For example, once I suffered from an intense stomachache, although he had something urgent at hand, he took me to the hospital immediately after he had learnt my illness. I’m still full of appreciation when I recall that moment.

可应用的题目:

Describe the characteristic of a good teacher and don’t forget to include some details and examples in your response.

What’s the most important quality a good neighbor should have? Include reasons and details to support your response.

What qualities should a leader have? Include details and examples in your response.(06/10/21)

Is that good to feed a dog or a cat. What can you benefit from such an experience?

Choose a quality you think makes someone a valuable member of a team. Explain why you think it is an important quality for a team or group member to have.

Describe the person you asked for help once, and explain how you solved your problem.

3.Team spirit

素材:

Team-spirit is of vital importance for a work environment. The people who are good team players will make the work more enjoyable because I can consult them for help whenever I’m in trouble, thus the whole working efficiency will be improved.

可应用的题目:

Choose a quality you think makes someone a valuable member of a team.

What qualities should a leader have?

Describe the person you asked for help once, and explain how you solved your problem.

二、托福口语时间分配

第一部分(1-2题):准备时间15秒答题时间45秒,如第1、2中的题目属于日常话题,这两道题本身难度比较小所以需要注意的就是托福口语时间分配的问题,在这45秒钟里一般用5~6秒完成topic sentence 接下来的40秒应以每一个细节或者例子不超过3~4句话的规律完成该话题,也就是说大致20秒完成一个细节l或例子的表述,如果考生能在考前进行充分的准备,锻炼自己的口语思维,积累常用的细节或例子考试时就会从容许多。

第二部分(3-4题):准备时间30秒,答题60秒。它们分别是情景题和学术题。在阅读的时候要注意记录主题和支撑的观点。同时在TASK 3&4的听力进行中,要主要把握其重点环节,也就是人物的观点,以及他支持或反对的理由。另外在表述过程中,结构一定要清楚,在练习时不妨使用计时软件,多锻炼几次才能在规定时间内把要点说全说清楚。

最后的5、6道是以听力材料为基础,要求考生回答相关问题。首先考生掌控时间能力的强弱对这个部分成绩的高低有着直接影响,最后两道题目的准备时间是20秒回答的时间为60秒,大多数考生都反映口语部分的准备时间利用效率低、做答仓促。

三、托福口语备考方法

1、多练真题

大量的做真题和模拟题,可以从题目中摸清出题人的思路,把握做题规律,明白人家出这个题是想让你答什么,这个要诀是重中之重,说白了,没有一定量真题经验的累积,其它要诀都是虚招。

2、舍长取短

美国人说话最讲究简洁明快,而且通常只求达意并不注重语法。ETS托福网考基于实际应用的角度,更加注重语言的人性化,所以,在做口语题的时候学生应该学会多用名词动词,少用形容词副词,多用简单句短句,少用复合句长句。这样不仅可以满足“表达清晰易懂”的评分条件,同时还能满足“语法准确”的要求,可谓一石二鸟之计。当然,中间适当点缀一两句烂熟于胸的经典俚语,效果自然事半功倍。

3、经典五要素表达法

所谓经典五要素,是WHO,WHAT, WHY, WHERE, HOW。“谁,在什么时间什么地点做了什么事情,理由是什么?”在做第3、第4题的时候,由于增加了课堂对话和场景演讲,要在做笔记的时候将这些要素点记下来,然后在答题的时候将这些要素组织起来,就是一段逻辑性强、主题明确、结构完整的口语答案了。ETS对于口语表达的谋篇结构不会苛刻的要求,只要条理清晰,逻辑完整就会得到不错的分数。

4、倒金字塔结构

因为时间短,任务重,而且要满足“组织严密结构完整”的要求,那么一个比较不错的办法就是效法新闻的经典写法“倒金字塔结构”。所谓的倒金字塔结构就是把重点摆前头,再进一步修饰。首先要面对问题给出直截了当的答案,再围绕核心答案阐述解释。

四、托福口语提高方法

托福口语想要考试高分的话建议备考的时候可以找一个专业的外教哦,分享一下我在用的app:口语侠,可以随时和世界各地的Native Speaker进行一对一的口语对练。这个软件用起来就跟打微信语音/视频电话一样,质量很清晰。这个是最让我感到意外且性价比超级高的一个APP了。我长期练习的一个外教陪练是英国的Leila,她不仅口音纯正,而且人超级nice,她本人还是一个摄影师,我也经常跟她交流摄影方面的技巧。

下载注册口语侠app后,一定要输入我的推荐码:ZXN0GT,可以免费获得10分钟的练习时长。

不过大家在跟外国人练习托福口语的时候,我有2个建议:1是提前准备一个话题,带着话题去跟他们练习能让你学到很多地道的表达;2.是不一定非要选择欧美的老外,像有些南非、菲律宾的也很专业,练习口语也不错。

上面的内容就是关于托福独立口语万能素材以及托福口语时间分配的回答,通过上面的回答我们可以了解到的是托福口语考试中可以运用的一些素材,素材其实就在我们身边,平时的模拟题目的答案就可以收集的哦,这些素材可以帮助大家回答这个部分的问题的时候可以扩充答案的内容量哦。


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